Urinary Traction Infection (UTI) Female

(Cystitis in Women)



Inflammation or infection of the urinary bladder.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Burning and stinging on urination.
  • Frequent urination, although the urine amount maybe small.
  • Increased urge to urinate.
  • Pain in the abdomen over the bladder.
  • Low back pain.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Low fever.
  • Bad-smelling urine.
  • Painful sexual intercourse.
  • Lack of urinary control (sometimes).
  • Bed-wetting in a child.
  • Fever, irritability in an infant.


  • Bacteria that reach the bladder from another part of the body through the bloodstream.
  • Bacteria that enter the urinary tract from skin around the genitals and anal area.
  • Injury to the urethra.
  • Use of a urinary catheter to empty the bladder, such as following childbirth or surgery.
  • Increased sexual activity. In women, the cause is often aggravated by bruising of the urethra during intercourse.
  • Infection in other parts of the genitourinary system.
  • Stress.
  • Illness that has lowered resistance.
  • Excess alcohol consumption.
  • Wearing poorly ventilated underpants.
  • Sitting in bath water that contains bath salts or bubble bath product.
  • Loss of suspension of female organs.
  • Holding urine for too long a period of time.


  • Diagnostic tests may include urinalysis, careful urine collection for bacterial culture, cystoscopy (examination of the bladder with a lighted optical instrument)and ultrasound.
  • Treatment is usually with antibiotics.
  • Warm baths may help relieve discomfort.
  • Poor a cup of warm water over genital area while urinating. It will help to relieve burning and stinging.


  • Antibiotics to fight infection.
  • Antispasmodics to relieve pain.
  • Occasionally, urinary analgesics for pain.


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