(Cystitis in Women)
Inflammation or infection of the urinary bladder.
Signs and Symptoms
- Burning and stinging on urination.
- Frequent urination, although the urine amount maybe small.
- Increased urge to urinate.
- Pain in the abdomen over the bladder.
- Low back pain.
- Blood in the urine.
- Low fever.
- Bad-smelling urine.
- Painful sexual intercourse.
- Lack of urinary control (sometimes).
- Bed-wetting in a child.
- Fever, irritability in an infant.
- Bacteria that reach the bladder from another part of the body through the bloodstream.
- Bacteria that enter the urinary tract from skin around the genitals and anal area.
- Injury to the urethra.
- Use of a urinary catheter to empty the bladder, such as following childbirth or surgery.
- Increased sexual activity. In women, the cause is often aggravated by bruising of the urethra during intercourse.
- Infection in other parts of the genitourinary system.
- Illness that has lowered resistance.
- Excess alcohol consumption.
- Wearing poorly ventilated underpants.
- Sitting in bath water that contains bath salts or bubble bath product.
- Loss of suspension of female organs.
- Holding urine for too long a period of time.
- Diagnostic tests may include urinalysis, careful urine collection for bacterial culture, cystoscopy (examination of the bladder with a lighted optical instrument)and ultrasound.
- Treatment is usually with antibiotics.
- Warm baths may help relieve discomfort.
- Poor a cup of warm water over genital area while urinating. It will help to relieve burning and stinging.
- Antibiotics to fight infection.
- Antispasmodics to relieve pain.
- Occasionally, urinary analgesics for pain.