Testicular Cancer

Definition

Uncontrolled growth of malignant cells in the testicle. There are several types of testicular cancer, some more dangerous than others. This is the most common form of cancer in young men. Affects all ages, but more often is found in men ages 20-40.

Sign and Symptoms

  • A firm swelling in one testicle discovered by accident or by self-examination.
  • No pain (90% of cases).
  • Sense of fullness in the scrotum.

Causes

Unknown.

Treatment

  • Diagnostic tests may include ultrasound, CT scan of scrotum and abdomen, chest x-ray, radioimmune assay (a special laboratory blood study), and lymphangiography (X-ray of the lymph glands). Tests are to verify the diagnosis and to determine if cancer has spread.
  • Surgery to remove the cancerous testicle is the main form of treatment.
  • adiation therapy or chemotherapy following surgery for some types of tumors.

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